Vitamin or Mineral Condition
Beta-carotene Vitamin A deficiency, Cystic fibrosis, Disorders of porphyrin metabolism, Intestinal malabsorption
Biotin Biotin deficiency, Biotinidase deficiency, Carnitine deficiency
Calcium Calcium deficiency, Disorders of calcium metabolism, Chronic renal disease, Pituitary dwarfism, isolated growth hormone deficiency, Hypocalcemia and hypomagnesaemia of the newborn, Intestinal disaccharidase deficiencies and disaccharide malabsorption, Allergic gastroenteritis and colitis, Hypocalcemia due to use of Depo-Provera contraceptive injection
Iodine Iodine deficiency, Simple and unspecified goiter and nontoxic nodular goiter
Iron Disorders of iron metabolism, Iron deficiency anemia, Sideroachrestic anemia
Magnesium Magnesium deficiency, Hypoparathyroidism
Multi-minerals Other and unspecified protein-calorie malnutrition
Multi-vitamins Cystic fibrosis, Other and unspecified protein-calorie malnutrition
Phosphorus Disorders of phosphorus metabolism 
Trace elements Mineral deficiency
Vitamin A (retinol) Vitamin A deficiency, Intestinal malabsorption, Disorders of the biliary tract, Cystic fibrosis
Vitamin B1 (thiamin) Vitamin B1 deficiency, Disturbances of branched-chain amino-acid metabolism (e.g., maple syrup urine disease), Disorders of mitochondrial metabolism, Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) Vitamin B2 deficiency, Disorders of fatty acid oxidation, Riboflavin deficiency, ariboflavinosis, Disorders of mitochondrial metabolism
Vitamin B3 (niacin) Vitamin B3 deficiency, Disorders of lipid metabolism, (e.g. pure hypercholesterolemia)
Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid) Vitamin B5 deficiency
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine, pyridoxal 5phosphate) Vitamin B6 deficiency, Sideroblastic anemia
Vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin) Vitamin B12 deficiency, Disturbances of sulphur-bearing amino-acid metabolism (e.g., homocystinuria and disturbances of metabolism of methionine), Pernicious anemia, Combined B12 and folate-deficiency anemia
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) Vitamin C deficiency, Anemia due to disorders of glutathione metabolism, Disorders of mitochondrial metabolism
Vitamin D (ergocalciferol)  Vitamin D deficiency, Galactosemia, Glycogenosis, Disorders of magnesium metabolism, Intestinal malabsorption, Chronic renal disease, Cystic fibrosis, Disorders of phosphorus metabolism, Hypocalcemia, Disorders of the biliary tract, Hypoparathyroidism, Intestinal disaccharidase deficiencies and disaccharide malabsorption, Allergic gastroenteritis and colitis 
Vitamin E (tocopherols) Vitamin E deficiency, Inflammatory bowel disease (e.g., Crohn’s, granulomatous enteritis, and ulcerative colitis), Disorders of mitochondrial metabolism, Chronic liver disease, Intestinal malabsorption, Disorders of the biliary tract, Cystic fibrosis
Zinc Zinc deficiency, Wilson’s disease, Acrodermatitis enteropathica